The book is a source of special pleasure that the child may not understand. It is impossible to arouse interest by forcing yourself to read. The young reader needs to be shown how interesting this is and help them learn to understand books.
How to instill in a child a love of reading so that it persists throughout life? A few simple tips to help parents.
Books have ceased to be the main source of knowledge. A powerful stream of information comes from TV screens, tablets, and computers, which is quickly absorbed. Reading, in comparison with viewing gadgets, is laborious and less effective, from a child's point of view, a way to gain knowledge. Why books are not interesting for children:
There is no motivation. Attempts to force read are met with resistance. If the process requires some effort and does not bring pleasure, the child will avoid it in every possible way.
No time. A busy daily routine, in which, in addition to school and homework, there are additional activities in circles and sections, does not leave time for reading. Without parental help, a child cannot determine when to read or how to find a free space in a busy schedule.
No choice. If parents do not take into account the interests of the child when choosing books, reading becomes boring and uninteresting. He does not seek to understand the content and immerse himself in the atmosphere of the plot.
Difficulties with the perception of the text. Books often contain unfamiliar words, phrases, and complex sentences that the child cannot understand.
The first books can be read to a child immediately after birth. The presence of the mother and her voice relieves anxiety, calms the baby, and promotes the establishment of emotional contact. The baby does not understand the meaning of what he has heard, but words and phrases are stored in memory, and with a high degree of probability the child will speak earlier and will have a good vocabulary.
But with independent reading, you should not rush, even if the child learned the letters early and already knows how to put them into words. No need to force - let him take the initiative and choose the book he wants to read.
Books for a child must be selected based on age: Remember you can select the best for your child as your child doesn't know how many days old I am i . So be careful to make decisions.
Up to two years. Picture books are suitable for kids. They help to find connections between a real object, a word, and an illustration. It is desirable that the pictures are realistic, but without a lot of details that distract attention from the image. The text doesn't have to be complicated - read short stories, poems, nursery rhymes.
Three to five years. The age when you can move on to full-fledged books. But the texts should not be too long - it is still difficult for a child to keep his attention on the plot. There should be a lot of illustrations - they will help to translate the text into an image.
Six to eight years old. At this time, the child becomes independent, he has responsibilities: teach lessons, do homework. He becomes interested in literature about children like himself. Adventure, travel, the interaction of characters, relationships in the team.
Teenage years. Teenagers love adventure, fantasy with an exciting and dynamic storyline. At this age, a feeling of loneliness, injustice, conflicts in the family and school may appear. Offer your teenager books by contemporary foreign and Russian authors that touch on important topics and lead the reader to a frank conversation.
When choosing books, you should pay attention to their quality. It is advisable that the paper is thick and does not glare, otherwise, the child's eyes will quickly get tired. Images and fonts should be large enough, but there is no need to choose gift editions - they are usually too large for everyday reading.
An important parameter is the quality of illustrations. If the book is a real art object that is pleasant to hold and look at, the child will want to know the content and ask to read it.
Build a home library so your child can choose what to read. You can take him with you to the bookstore - let him feel the atmosphere, leaf through the books, and independently determine what is interesting to him. Even if the parents do not like the child's choice, you need to listen to him.
Another option where to borrow books for reading with a child is to sign up for a library. He can choose books, but he does not have to read everything he decides to take home. Many libraries have social media groups that host contests and post information about upcoming events. By participating in them, the child will be able to feel like a member of the reading community.
Children follow their parents' example and it is important for them to see that adults spend their free time reading books. Since all family members should read, use certain rules:
Enter the ritual of reading books. Set a time when everyone puts aside things to read. Be sure to read to your child before bed - the last event of the day is recorded in emotional memory.
Read aloud and with expression. At any age, until the child refuses himself. Use facial expressions and different intonations to convey the characters of the characters and describe what is happening.
Read by role. This will help the child learn to follow the text and perceive it, empathize with the characters, and become aware of their motives. The child will learn to read with expression, use intonation, pauses, rhythm, timbre and pitch.
Discuss books. During the discussion, the child understands what he has read better and learns to express his own thoughts.
The family can invent their own ways to develop an interest in books, or use proven reading adoption techniques:
Overcome fear. French teacher Daniel Pennac noted that many children find books endless, fearful, and unwilling to read. He recommends choosing books with large margins and large print - in them, you can quickly go through page after page, and reading will no longer turn into endless torture.
Arouse interest. Use the method of the writer Lev Kassil: when reading a book to your child, stop at the most interesting place. Curiosity will win, and he will finish reading the work on his own.
Enjoy reading. This will help the method of child psychologist Iskra Downs. She suggests making reading a game. Start writing letters to your child on behalf of his favorite character. The messages should get longer every day. The child will look forward to them, and reading will begin to be associated with joy and pleasure.
Try different formats. To get your child interested in a story, watch a movie first, and then offer to compare the movie to a book. Classical works that the child flatly refuses to read can be listened to in the format of an audiobook or audio performance.
Draw conclusions. Invite your child to keep a reading diary, but he must choose the format himself: his own blog or a regular notebook in which he will draw illustrations for books and review the books he has read.
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